MARPOL SURCHARGE AS FROM 1ST JANUARY 2015

[31/10/2014] - News

We would like to inform you that as from 1st January 2015 a new surcharge called « ultra-low sulphur », also known as MARPOL (acronym meaning Marine Pollution) will be applied. MARPOL is an international environmental regulation which aims at reducing the sulphur emission of the ships; the MARPOL convention 73/78 (named by IMO, International Maritime Organization because it was first drawn in 1973 and then updated in 1978), is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by maritime wastes, hydrocarbons and exhaust emissions. The regulation aims at preventing and minimizing pollution from ships - both accidental pollution and that from routine operations - and currently includes six technical Annexes:

·          Annex I  Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil; tag heuer replica watches
·          Annex II  Regulations for the Control of  Pollution by Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk;
·          Annex III Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances Carried by Sea in Packaged Form;
·          Annex IV Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships;
·          Annex V Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships ;
·          Annex VI Prevention of  Air Pollution from Ships by SOx and NOx.
As from 1st January 2015 the EU will implement the new regulation MARPOL VI : this regulation provides for a progressive reduction globally in emissions of SOx, NOx and particulate matter and the introduction of emission control areas (SECA - Sulphur Emissions Control Area) to reduce emissions of those air pollutants further in designated sea areas, that is to say Baltic Sea, North Sea, English Channel. For this reason the ships operating in this areas will have to use fuel with a maximum 0,1% of sulphur (current limit is 1%).
 As from 01/01/2020 in all non SECA areas (worldwide) a limit of sulphur in fuel will be reduced from the current 3,5% to a maximum of 0,5%. The Mediterranean Sea is not an ECA area (Emission Control Area); it seems that the Mediterranean area will wait until 2020 to reduce to 0,5% the sulphur in fuel.
In order to comply the limit of sulphur allowed by the IMO regulation, the shipping companies will have to choose between the 3 following options :
1)     Change the fuel used at present on almost all HFO (higher sulphur fuel) ships and use a marine gas oil - MGO which is 50% more expensive than the fuel used at present.
2)     Install SCRUBBERS (gas cleaning system) which removes sulphur and harmful particulate matter from the ship's flue gas due to the use of HFO fuel. This option involves important and expensive changes on the ships.
3)     Use GNL, liquefied natural gas. This fuel is the most suitable, but its use would involve a deep change on the ships’ fuel system (on board fuel storage, refuelling in the ports…).

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